The War Against Elsalvador Girls
In 2017 Maria Teresa Rivera became the first woman in the world granted asylum because of being wrongly jailed for disregarding a ban on abortion; she disregarded the ban in El Salvador and was given asylum in Sweden. Reproductive rights of women in El Salvador are highly restricted. The abortion policy in El Salvador is one of the most restrictive in the world. Abortion is illegal in all cases, even when the mother’s life is endangered. Currently both major political parties, ARENA on the right and FMLN on the left, have anti-abortion platforms. In 1999, a constitutional amendment was passed, putting in place the current policy, with 72 favorable votes in a legislative assembly of 84 members.
Ms. Markey said that the four women were very aware that their work could put them in harm’s way. “People they loved were getting killed all the time,” she said, referring to other church leaders, activists and community members whose vision for a more just El Salvador made them targets. In the days leading up to their deaths, the four women received a series of death threats, including a sign on their parish hall door suggesting that everyone who lived inside was a communist and depicting a bloody execution. Chalatenango, in particular, was a “seat of ecclesial persecution,” of catechists, ministers, and other members of the church who were killed because they believed in the cause of social justice, the bishop said.
The beauty of the country also makes it a favorable tourist destination. So, foreigners do not mind traveling to El Salvador to meet their potential brides.
The 2011 Law for a Life Free of Violence against Women contains 61 articles that criminalize various forms of violence against women, such as domestic violence, including marital rape, psychological abuse, and economical abuse. Even though the number of official reports appears high, in reality cases are underreported to government entities. The underreporting of incidents may be due to the fact that in 2010 domestic violence was considered socially acceptable by a large portion of the population. One cultural challenge that El Salvador faces in moving towards gender equality in the home is that of machismo, which is strong, or aggressive masculine pride. The practice can take the form of husbands being overbearing or controlling and even extend to physical or verbal abuse. The overall effect of these factories on gender inequality is contested.
The program positively affected poverty reduction and reduced income inequality, as well as outcomes at time of birth, such as skilled attendance of health professionals and live births in a hospital. On March 17, 2011, the General Assembly passed the Law of Equality, Fairness, and the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, which improves the judicial framework for protecting women’s rights by implementing a set of regulations. The law mandates equality in pay between men and women and https://bestlatinawomen.com/salvadorian-women/ recognizes the value of domestic labor. The country’s institutions, depleted by the war, weren’t strong enough to control the gang activity. “You deport that many gang members back to a post civil war society where nothing works, where everything has to be rebuilt, where there’s chaos,” Toral says. “Then obviously it’s going to fuel the violence now.” By 2018, MS-13 was active in 94 per cent of El Salvador’s 262 municipalities. El Salvador’s gang problem has its roots in the United States.
Yet, most of the El-Salvador women are happy in international marriage by the time they turn 25. El-Salvador is famous for its magnificent Pacific coast beaches, great surf spots, and mountain hills. Thousands of tourists come to visit the place all year around. Yet, for some local girls, the country may be tiny for their ambitious and professional development. Due to the strong family ties that bind Salvadoran women with their relatives, these women turn out to become good homemakers. As a result, Salvadoran girls get the chance to learn how to take care of their siblings and provide for them in the absence of their parents.
In 2016, 524 women were killed, a majority of them under 30 years of age. Within the first two months of 2018, 72 women were murdered.
Academia has suffered much from the war and has not been given the resources to recover. However, there has recently been increased social science research on social problems such as crime, violence, and social and economic inequality. There has also been increased interest in research on the environment. Much of this research is being conducted with funds from foreign agencies.
In 2016, 65,000 women attempted to seek asylum in the U.S. after fleeing gender-based violence in the El Salvador and its neighbors Honduras and Guatemala, which together make up a region known as the Northern Triangle. María joined their ranks in 2018 and U.S. authorities granted her permission to apply for asylum in the U.S. after she passed a “credible fear” test. If a gang member discovers you are from rival turf they might punish you, again by death. Nike Cortez trainers, says Julia, are the preserve of the 18th Street with Adidas Concha worn by MS-13. Yet identifying members is increasingly fraught, amplifying the risk for the girls and women in hiding.
The NGOs continued to support alternative political, economic, and social projects in the areas which had been most affected by the war and have begun to coordinate their efforts on a national level. The transfer of land back to the people at the end of the war and the implementation of agricultural loans also represent massive government and United States-supported social change programs. The number of violent deaths resulting from crime in 1996 was greater than the number of deaths resulting from the conflict during any year of the civil war. In that same year, the murder rates in some parts of the country were among the highest in the Western Hemisphere. Many crime victims do not report crimes to the authorities because of continuing mistrust of the courts and police. The National Civilian Police have poorly trained officers and few resources to investigate crimes.
Criminal gangs, known as maras, are the largest impediment to women’s empowerment in El Salvador. The government has periodically attempted to establish truces with the gangs but the bitter rivalry between Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18 youth gangs has left little room for hope of an end to war and conflict.
- A marriage performed in a church is considered irreversible, and many people wait until they have children to marry.
- The domestic unit generally consists of a couple and their children, although other relatives also may live in the household.
- The man is nominally the head of the household, but women, especially in poorer families, often provide economic support for their children.
Women also began to realize that the revolution could not end the inequalities in society without addressing inequality between men and women. Each of the five branches of the FMLN has its own women’s organizations. In those organizations women have fought for women’s rights to work outside the home; loans for women’s cooperatives and small, women-owned businesses; education; medical care; and economic support for children. The military and paramilitary forces have had an enormous influence on the national culture.